The Gulfstream G450 entered production in October 2004. Twelve years later, its reliability, performance, and value continue to impress those in the aviation industry, and it remains a leader in its class. Here is a breakdown of the costs you should expect to incur, if you choose to own and operate a Gulfstream G450.

History

The G450 replaced the G400 in the Gulfstream line up. The G400 had grown out of the Gulfstream IV (GIV), which first entered service in 1987 and set several world records in its class.

Gulfstream G450

Purchase Prices

A new Gulfstream G450 will currently cost between $38m to $43m. A pre-owned model will typically cost anywhere in the $14m to $35m range. A model built between 2006 and 2009 can be found for approximately $15m, while a newer model, from 2011 or thereabouts is typically in the $20m to $25m range. Prices of pre-owned aircraft will vary according to age, use, maintenance, records, and the level of upkeep.

Cabin

The main cabin is 45ft 1 in (13.74m) in length, or 40ft 4in (12.29m) excluding baggage space, with a height of 6ft 2in (1.88m). It can carry up to 19 passengers and can sleep up to 6, depending on the internal configuration. The cabin is spacious enough for 3 living areas, 2 bathrooms, and a full galley.

A satellite phone, wireless local network, and multifunction printer are all standard, as is the 7-channel Honeywell satellite communications system. Advanced sound suppression reduces cabin noise by an additional 18%, compared to the aircraft’s predecessors, while the specially-designed oval windows double the amount of natural light in the cabin (as compared to comparable aircraft in its class). The designers of the Gulfstream G450 have also optimized fresh air circulation and cabin pressure in a way that reduces in-flight fatigue, thereby ensuring that you will reach your destination feeling refreshed and productive.

Gulfstream G450 Interior

Specs

The Gulfstream G450 operates with two Rolls-Royce Tay Mk 611-8C engines, each capable of producing 13,850 lb of thrust. The maximum range, based upon 8 passengers, 3 crew, IFR reserves and mach 0.80, is 4,350nm (8,056km). With 14 passengers and accompanying luggage, the range is 3,700nm (6,852km), or the equivalent of flying from Singapore to Dubai. The baggage compartment provides 130 cu ft of space. Takeoff distance is 5,600 ft (SL, ISA, MTOW).

Cockpit

The cockpit uses the Gulfstream PlaneView avionics system, which is based on Honeywells Primus Epic integrated avionics system. The cockpit is equipped with some of the most advanced current technology, including 4 display units, an Enhanced Vision System, and a Head-Up Display. A Synthetic Vision-Primary Flight Display is available as an optional extra.

Gulfstream G450 Flight Deck

Cost of Ownership

Here are the costs you should expect with ownership of a Gulfstream G450. All figures used are provided by Conklin and de Decker.

The total cost of ownership per year for a Gulfstream G450 is $4,221,475 including market depreciation of $1,726,000 or $6,810,475 including book depreciation of $4,315,000. The figures below are based on 423 hours of usage per year. Both figures include annual fixed costs of $878,884.

 Cost Type   With Book Depreciation    With Market Depreciation 
 Variable Cost per Year  $1,616,591    $1,616,591  
 Fixed Cost per Year  $878,884    $878,884  
 Depreciation  $4,315,000    $1,726,000  
 Total Annual Costs  $6,810,475    $4,221,475  
   Costs per hour  $16,100    $9,980  

Fixed Costs per Year

The fixed costs of the Gulfstream G450 consist of crew member salaries and benefits ($427,656), hangar costs ($81,300), insurance (hull $34,520, single limit liability $12,500), recurrent training ($107,200), and aircraft modernization ($33,333). Other costs include refurbishing, aircraft modernization, navigation chart service, computer maintenance program, and weather service. Details are show below:

 Item   Costs 
 Crew Salaries - Captain  $144,000  
 Crew Salaries - Co Pilot  $108,000  
 Crew Salaries - Flight Attendant  $76,966  
 Crew Salaries - Benefits  $98,690  
 Hangar - Typical  $81,300  
 Insurance - Hull  $34,520  
 Insurance - Single Limit Liability  $12,500  
 Recurrent Training  $107,200  
 Aircraft Modernization  $33,333  
 Navigation Chart Service  $18,325  
 Refurbishing  $154,350  
 Computer Maintenance Program  $9,000  
 Weather Service  $700  
 Total Fixed Cost per Year  $878,884  

 

Variable Costs per Year

The variable costs of operating a Gulfstream G450 vary according to the number of hours operated and distance traveled. Assuming 423 operational hours per year, and 175,000 nautical miles traveled, annual variable expenses of $1,616,591 can be expected. The largest of these variable expenses is fuel costs, estimated at $2,280 per hour from a total variable cost of $3,822 per hour. The table below shows the breakdown of variable hourly costs and assumes a fuel price of $4.41 per gallon and a usage of 517 gallons per hour. Maintenance labour charges are assumed to be $105 per hour, with 1.12 maintenance hour required per flight hour.  Details are shown below:

 Item   Costs 
 Fuel  $2,280  
 Maintenance Labor  $118  
 Parts Airframe/Engine/Avionics  $161  
 Engine Restoration  $655  
 Miscellaneous Expenses - Landing/Parking  $89  
 APU Allowance  $50  
 Crew Expenses  $307  
 Supplies/Catering  $162  
 Total Variable Cost per Hour  $3,822  

 

As with any aircraft acquisition, the decision to purchase a Gulfstream G450 as opposed to a fractional ownership or a jet card should be made after carefully considering your needs and reviewing the alternative options.  This article has a step by step guide for buying an aircraft.

(The annual and fixed cost estimates are from Conklin & de Decker of Orleans, MA)